Andrássy, Julius Gyula der Ältere, Graf#
b. Košice, Slovakia (Kaschau), March 3, 1823, d. Volosca, Croatia (then Volosko), Feb. 18, 1890, politician; father of Count J. Andrássy the Younger. 1848/1849 leader of the Hungarian revolution, 1851 sentenced to death in his absence but granted an amnesty in 1857; together with F. Deák tried to bring about a reconciliation with Austria ( Compromise, Austro-Hungarian). 1867 first Hungarian Prime Minister; 1871-1879 appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy; negotiated the Three Emperors' League; occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878 and negotiated a defensive alliance (Zweibund) with Bismarck in 1879.
Literature#T. Simany, J. Graf A., 1990; R. F. Schmidt, Graf J. A. Vom Revolutionaer zum Aussenminister, 1995; I. Diószegi and H. Haselsteiner, Bismarck und A., 1999.