Antonius der Große, Heiliger#
b. 251/252 Koma (Egypt), d. 356, religious hermit, considered the founder and father of organized Christian monasticism. His veneration cultus reached Europe via Constantinople. In Austria A. was the saint of farm animals and of protection against disease; depicted with a T-shaped crucifix, a book, a pig or a bell.
Literature#O. Wimmer and H. Melzer, Lexikon der Namen und Heiligen, 61988.