Aspern, part of the 22nd municipal district of Vienna since 1904. 1904-1938 part of the 21st district of Vienna. - Former airport (main airport in Vienna until after 1938, used for aviation sports and automobile races after World War II), motor factory built 1980-1982 (General Motors, since 1994 OPEL Austria GmbH). - First documented 11th century; Aspern was the scene of the Battle of Aspern and Essling (May 21/22, 1809), the first defeat of Napoleon by Archduke Karl and the Austrian Army; monument in front of the church (stone "Loewe von Aspern" Lion of Aspern erected by A. D. von Fernkorn in 1858). The Lobau wetland preserve is a part of Aspern
Further reading#Von der Steinzeit zum Motorenwerk, exhibition catalogue of the Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien 70, 1981; F. Woeber, 1809 Schlacht bei Aspern und Essling, 1992.