Berchtesgadener Land, a small region in the high Salzburg Limestone Alps surrounding the old salt town of Berchtesgaden and Lake Koenigssee; former provost's district directly subordinate to the emperor and belonging to the archbishopric of Salzburg, by which it was surrounded on almost all sides; became part of Salzburg in 1803 and as part of Salzburg was integrated into Austrian territory in 1805, separated from Salzburg and Austria and ceded to Bavaria in 1809. The final determination of the border between 1814-1816 confirmed the separation from Salzburg. The Berghof chalet in the Berchtesgadener Land was, the scene of talks between K. Schuschnigg and Hitler on February 12, 1938. The result of these talks was an agreement that preluded the Anschluss of Austria to Germany. 75 % of the region is surrounded by Austrian territory. In order to facilitate road transit between Salzburg and Lofer, a German-Austrian agreement was concluded in 1957 for the connecting road popularly referred to as the "Kleines deutsches Eck", i.e. "little German corner".