Berlin, Congress of, assembly of leading statesmen of the great European powers and Turkey convened by O.v. Bismarck for peace negotiations on Austria's and England's initiative after the Russian-Turkish war of 1877/78; the Congress was held from June 13 until July 13, 1878 in Berlin. Austria-Hungary, represented by foreign minister Count J. Andrássy, was given the authorisation to occupy and administer the Turkish provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Novi Pazar. This was supposed to counteract Russian predominance in the Balkans in Austria's favour, but only widened the gap between the two powers, which eventually led to the Dual Alliance and was one of the causes of the First World War.
Literature#R. Melville (ed.), Der Berliner Kongress von 1878, 1982.