b. Vienna, March 26, 1897, d. Vienna, March 9, 1953, ethnologist; son of Edmund Bernatzik, husband of Emmy Bernatzik. From 1939 university professor in Graz, founder of the science of applied ethnology. On his many expeditions studied the causes of rapid population decline among colonized indigenous peoples and promoted colonization policies which took more consideration of their traditional way of life.
Works#Albanien, 1930; Die Geister der gelben Blaetter, 1938; Die grosse Voelkerkunde 1939 (ed.); Zwischen Weissem Nil und Kongo, 1943; Afrika, Handbuch der angewandten Voelkerkunde, 2 vols., 1947.
Literature#D. Byer, Der Fall H. A. B. Ein Leben zwischen Ethnologie und Oeffentlichkeit, 1999.