b. Bergen (Ruegen, Germany), April 26, 1829, d. Opatija (Croatia), Feb. 6, 1894, important surgeon of the Vienna School of Medicine. From 1867 university professor in Vienna; started basic research in the field of visceral surgery, 1874 first complete laryngectomy, 1881 first gastric resection. B. introduced mixed anaesthesia (ether and chloroform) and the waterproof dressing material "B.-Batist". He arranged for the premises of the Society of Physicians to be built (1893) and the Rudolfinerhaus hospital, where nurses could be trained, and promoted the establishment of a voluntary ambulance service in Vienna. Was also a musician and a close friend of J. Brahms.
Publications#Allgemeine chirurgische Pathologie und Therapie, 1863; Handbuch der allgemeinen und speciellen Chirurgie, 4 vols., 1880.
Literature#I. Fischer, T. B. und seine Zeitgenossen, 1929; H. Wyklicky, Unbekanntes von T. B., 1993; E. Kern, T. B., 1994; M. Nagel et al., T. B. Chirurg und Musiker, 1994.