b. Vienna, Jan. 15, 1842, d. Vienna, June 20, 1925, internist, physiologist; discovered the self-regulation of breathing through the nervus vagus. His "cathartic (purifying) method" for the healing of neurotic and hysterical defects was to be the starting point for S. Freud in his theory of psycho-analysis.
Work: Studien ueber Hysterie, 1895 (with S. Freud).
Literature#A. Hirschmueller, Physiologie und Psychoanalyse in Leben und Werk J. B., 1978.