b. Litoměřice, Czech Republic (then Leitmeritz), June 12, 1865,
d. Vienna, Dec. 17, 1946, painter and art educationalist. Was the
first to encourage the free development of spontaneous artistic
activity in children in his school of painting and drawing. 1897 his
school was recognized by the state and 1906 integrated into the School
of Arts and Crafts as an experimental school (he was appointed
teacher), from 1910 as a separate "Children's Art Class". C. strongly
influenced the development of art education and won strong support
especially in England and the USA. Founded the association "Kunst und
Schule" (Art and School) and a magazine of the same name that was
integrated into the magazine "Die Quelle" in 1922.
Works: Papier-, Schneide- und Klebearbeiten, 1914; Weihnacht, 1922; Triebhaft bildendes Schaffen der Jugend (posthumous).
Literature: L. W. Rochowanski, Die Wr. Jugendkunst, 21946; F. C., Pionier der Kunsterziehung, ed. by the Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien, exhibition catalogue, 1985.