Cottage#Cottage, name of an exclusive residential area of Vienna, originally in the 18th and 19th districts, later also in the 13th and other outer districts. The term was coined by the Vienna Cottage Association, founded according to an idea of H.v. Ferstel in 1872.
During the fall of the Habsburg Monarchy, the middle class reflected a symbiosis of the well educated and the economically prosperous people attracted to the Cottage, the exclusive villa area located in the periphery west of Vienna, In the dialect of Vienna, "koteesch" correponds to the English word, cottage, little house, or small, elegant country house in rustic style. The origin of Vienna's Cottage district, currently consisting of about 8.000 residents, is inseparable from the name of the famous architect who designed the Ringstraße, Heinrich von Ferstel. His vision (which became a reality with the founding of the "Viennese Cottage Association" in 1872/73 and still exists to this day) was to build a middle class one- and two-family house with a garden as an answer to the palaces in Wilhelminan style and the after-effect of the housing speculation. In order to protect the character of the park-like area and permanent quality of living, the Cottage-Servitut emphasized the principle of mutual consideration and obliged everyone who purchased property to respect certain limits regarding style and usage. Originally conceived as a form of residentid living for middle class, civil servants, officers and teachers, the Cottage (which since 1890 belongs to Vienna) soon became the domicile of artists, composers (Emmerich Kálmán, Theodor Leschetitzky, Erich Wolfgang Korngold) and writers. Arthur Schnitzler characterized the psycho-social fabric of the area's milieu of Viennese society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the many prominent people living in the Cottage were actors like Max Devrient or the Thimig family, or the pioneer of Zionism, Theodor Herzl, the physicists Ludwig Boltzmann and Wolfgang Pauli, the philosopher Richard Kralik Ritter von Mayrswalden, the economist and sociologist Othmar Spann, the historian Erich Zöllner, and the sculptor Fritz Wotruba. There, where the Turkish besiegers of Vienna barricaded themselves in 1683, wealthy representatives from the world of finance and industry built their homes. Such was the case of the sugar industrialist, Siegfried Strakosch von Feldringer, whose villa - like many others - was "arianized" by the Nazis in 1938. Those families whose members were persecuted, like Schnitzler's son, Heinrich, were forced to emigrate.
Brunnbauer, Heidi: Im Cottage von Währing/Döbling - interessante Häuser, interessante Menschen, 3 volumes, published by Edition Weinviertel, a documentation of 120 houses including short biographies of 150 personalities and numerous pictures.