Iron Casting: technical process in which iron is cast (poured) into moulds, used occasionally from the 16th century for the production of monuments, epitaphs, statues or portals; it was not until the 18th century that this technique was perfected in England and subsequently became widespread in Austria. In 1742 the monastery of St. Lambrecht (Styria) was given the privilege for establishing an iron-casting mill near Mariazell, which was taken over by the government in 1786 and specialised in the production of fortification cannons and ammunition. In addition, bibelots and objects of art (busts, statues, crucifixes, lamps, chandeliers, desk sets) were produced. Other works, e.g. in Andritz, produced fences (original fences around the factory have been preserved) or statues (Toepperbruecke bridge near Lunz). The monuments of Emperor Joseph II were made in the Salm iron casting works in Blansko (Czech Republic) around 1880.