b. Brno, Czech Republic (then Bruenn), Feb. 24, 1869, d. Vienna, April 20, 1931, Social Democratic politician. 1901-1911 member of the Reichsrat; imperial commissioner of health insurance institutions from 1911. 1919/1920 state secretary of the interior and education, 1919-1931 member of the Constituent National Assembly and then member of the Nationalrat; 1930/1931 president of the Nationalrat. Played a major role in the development of health insurance institutions and social affairs legislature in Austria.
Literature#A. Magaziner, Die Wegbereiter, 1975.