Elisabeth, Kaiserin von Österreich#
b. Munich (Germany), Dec. 24, 1837, d. Geneva (Switzerland, murdered), Sept. 10, 1898, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, daughter of Duke Max of Bavaria; 1854 married Emperor Franz Joseph I. E. was never very happy at the court in Vienna; felt great affection for the Hungarian people and promoted the settlement ("Ausgleich") with Hungary in 1866/67. After her son (Crown Prince Rudolf) committed suicide in 1889, she travelled even more extensively than before.
Literature#B. Hamann, E. Kaiserin wider Willen, 111992; idem (ed.), Kaiserin E. Das poetische Tagebuch, 1984; E. v. Oe., exhibition catalogue, Vienna 1986; J. Thiele, E. Das Buch ihres Lebens, 1996; idem, E. Bilder ihres Lebens, 1998.