Women's Day, International (March 8), day of protest against discrimination, sexism and racism; focuses on women's right to equal treatment and self-determination. Women's Day, which traces its origins back to commemorative meetings on the occasion of the violent death of striking textile workers in New York (1857) is celebrated in the form of meetings, manifestations, processions and the like. Commemoration at the international level was initiated in 1910 by C. Zetkin at the 2nd International Socialist Women's Conference at Copenhagen. The idea was adopted in 1911-1913 by women in Germany, Austria, Denmark, Switzerland, USA, France, the Netherlands, Sweden and Russia.
Literature#R. Wurms, Wir wollen Freiheit, Friede, Recht - Zur Geschichte des 8. Maerz, 1983.