b. Vienna, Dec. 3, 1895, d. London (United Kingdom), Oct. 9, 1982, psychoanalyst, youngest daughter of Sigmund Freud. In 1922 became a member of the International Psychoanalytic Society. Studied child psychology and focused on questions relating to upbringing and pedagogics, which led to the establishment of the Child Seminar or Child Therapy Course (Kinderseminar). Her book "Das Ich und die Abwehrmechanismen" (1936) (The Ego and Mechanisms of Defense, 1937) was a valuable contribution to ego psychology. She was very close to her father and repeatedly represented him in public. In 1938 had to emigrate to England with her father, who was suffering from cancer, and cared for him until his death. Became head of the Hampstead Child Therapy Clinic in 1952. Did not return to Vienna as a visitor until 1971.
Edition: Die Schriften, 10 vols., 1980.
Literature#U. H. Peters, A. F., Ein Leben fuer das Kind, 1979; E. Young-Bruehl, A. F., 1995; R. Denker, A. F. zur Einfuehrung, 1995; R. Edgcumbe, A. F., 2000.