unbekannter Gast

Fried, Alfred Hermann#

b. Vienna, Nov. 11, 1864, d. Vienna, May 4, 1921, pacifist, journalist; Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1911. At first assistant in a bookshop in Berlin. Together with B. von Suttner he published the magazine "Die Waffen nieder" (renamed "Die Friedens-Warte" in 1899) from 1892-1899. Founded the German Peace Society (Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft) in 1892, devoted himself to the cause of international understanding and participated actively in the Esperanto movement. During World War I he lived and worked in Switzerland.

Works#

Lehrbuch der internationalen Hilfssprache Esperanto, 1903; Handbuch der Friedensbewegung, 2 vols., 1905; Die Grundlagen des revolutionaeren Pazifismus, 1908; Die Grundlagen des ursaechlichen Pazifismus, 1916; Vom Weltkrieg zum Weltfrieden, 1916; Mein Kriegstagebuch, 4 vols., 1918-1920; Jugenderinnerungen, 1925.

Literature#

J. Bauer, Die oesterreichische Friedensbewegung, doctoral thesis, Vienna 1949.