Violin-making, in Austria since around 1500; at first the centre of violin and lute-making was situated in Tyrol, with G. Diffenprucker (1514-1570), J. Stainer (1621-1683) and the Klotz family (founders of the Mittenwald violin manufacture) as the most famous exponents. In the course of the 18th and especially the 19th centuries Vienna became the leading place for violin and piano-making; among the many violin-makers were the Thier family, F. Geissenhof and J. G. Stauffer as well as the Enzensperger, Feilnreiter and Zach families.
Literature#H. Ottner, Der Wiener Instrumentenbau 1815-33, 1977; F. Prochart, Der Wiener Geigenbau im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, 1979.