Geologische Bundesanstalt, GBA#
Geologische Bundesanstalt, GBA (Geological Survey), in the 3rd district of Vienna (in Rasumofsky Palace), scientific institute subordinate to the Ministry of Education, founded 1849 by W. Haidinger as the Imperial Geological Institute (Geologische Reichsanstalt). The G. B. was established to systematically explore the geology of the Austro-Hungarian empire; the oldest institution of its kind in Europe. Originated from the Mining and Metallurgy Museum of the Imperial Hofkammer for minting and mining. Its task is to research and document the geology of Austria. It was reorganised on the basis of the Research Organisation law (Forschungsorganisationsgesetzes 1981). In 2000 the G. B. A. housed Austria´s largest geoscientific library (300,000 vols., 50,000 maps and other media) and geoscientific archives with collections of rocks, minerals and fossils from Austria and the former monarchy.
Publications#geoscientific maps, almanac, essays, reports of the Archiv fuer Lagerstaettenforschung (research into mineral deposits), annual reports, bibliography of geoscientific literature on Austria.
Literature#M. T. Laburda, Die ersten Jahrzehnte der Geologischen Reichsanstalt, doctoral thesis, Vienna 1951.