Gerhaert van Leyden, Niclas#
b. Leiden (Netherlands), around 1430, d. Wiener Neustadt (Lower Austria), June 28, 1473, famous sculptor during the late Gothic period. Most important works in Strasbourg and various German towns, in later years based in Passau and Wiener Neustadt; created the tomb of Friedrich III in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna and the monument of Empress Eleanore in the Neukloster ("new monastery") in Wiener Neustadt. G. died before the completion of Friedrich III's monument and was buried in Wiener Neustadt. Developed psychologically striking, realistic figures by use of light and shadow in his modelling techniques and by using multicoloured marble, which greatly influenced Austrian art of the late 15th century.
Literature#L. Fischel, N. G. und die Bildhauer der dt. Spaetgotik, 1944; R. Recht, Nicolas de Leyde et la sculpture à Strasbourg, 1987.