Separation of Powers, the allocation of executive, legislative and judicial powers to branches of government independent of each other. The separation of powers aims at preventing abuse of power and in this way furthering the rule of law. The modern doctrine of the separation of powers goes back to Montesquieu. The Austrian Federal Constitution expressly stipulates the separation of the judiciary from the administration (Art. 94 Federal Constitutional Act).
Literature#D. Merten (ed.), Gewaltentrennung im Rechtsstaat, 1989.