Trade Tax: Until 1993, the trade tax was a tax levied from domestic businesses and assessed on the basis of earnings, operating capital and payroll total. The actual purpose was to cover the additional costs that arose for municipalities on account of the operations of business establishments. The rate of earnings tax was lowered from 5% to 4.5% in 1988, and payroll tax amounted to 0.2% from 1986, while trading capital tax was abolished in 1986. These rates were multiplied by the municipal factors, which were as follows from 1986: for earnings tax the factor was 1.28 regarding the share allocated to the federal authorities, 1.72 to the local authorities, and between 0.1 and 0.43 to the Chamber of Commerce (depending on the year and province concerned). For payroll tax, which was fully allocated to the local authorities, the municipal factor was 10. As a company tax, trade tax was deductible from income tax. The 1993 tax reform abolished the trade tax and replaced the payroll tax with the Municipal Tax which was designed along similar lines.
Literature#W. Doralt and H. G. Ruppe, Grundriss des oesterreichischen Steuerrechts, 1989