Golden Bull (Goldene Bulle), document promulgated in 1356 under the reign of Karl IV. The name is derived from the golden capsule containing the seal of the document, which lays down the principles governing the election of the king and the performance of official duties in the German Empire. The first 7 chapters deal with matters concerning the 7 electors (primogeniture, privilegia de non evocanda, mining and toll regalia, protection of Jews, the right of coinage and the right to acquire land). Since Austria was not an electorate, Rudolf IV forged the Privilegium maius (1359) which granted the Habsburgs special rights.
Literature#H. Mitteis, Die deutsche Koenigswahl, 1944.