Goldhaube: 1) Golden Headdress, Developed out of women´s linen bonnets from the second half of the 18th century until about 1850, now beautifully decorated headdresses worn by the wives of burghers. They were decorated with black lace, black costume beads, tulle and gauze, and in particular silken and golden threads and sequins. The best known style of these golden headdresses is the "Linzer Goldhaube" with its beautiful golden appliques of sequins and golden threads, which was widely used (from Ulm in Bavaria, throughout the Danube valley to Vienna, in the Steyr, Krems, Alm, Ybbs and Erlauf valleys and down to Graz, Klagenfurt and Villach). As a symbol of the well-to-do bourgeoisie, it is still worn in Upper (and parts of Lower) Austria on festive occasions.
2) Radar surveillance system for the protection of Austrian airspace. Radar surveillance devices are, for example, installed on Kolomannsberg mountain in the province of Salzburg, Koralpe mountain (Carinthia) and Buschberg hill (Lower Austria).
Literature#F. Lipp, Frauentrachten I und II, in: Oesterr. Volkskundeatlas, 4th instalment, 1971; F. Lipp, Goldhaube und Kopftuch, 1980.