Langobardi (Lombards), a Germanic-Suevian tribe. Came from Bohemia and middle Germany soon after 488 and moved into the eastern part of the Waldviertel region and the western part of the Weinviertel region, were subjects of the Heruli but fought against them successfully in 508 and expanded their rule to the east of modern Austria and the west of modern Hungary. They allied with the Avars and destroyed the Gepidae kingdom. In 568 the Langobardi, under the reign of King Alboin, moved from Pannonia to Italy where they founded a kingdom with the capital of Pavia. In 774 the Frankish king Charlemagne became king of the Langobardi.
Literature: H. Friesinger and H. Adler, Die Zeit der Voelkerwanderung in Niederoesterreich, 1979.