Popper, Karl Raimund, Sir - Austria-Forum : AEIOU : english
Popper, Karl Raimund, Sir
b. Vienna, July 28, 1902,
d. Croydon near London (United Kingdom), Sept. 17, 1994, philosopher,
especially philosopher of science. Studied mathematics and physics in
Vienna; 1937-1945 in New Zealand, from 1960 professor of logic and
philosophy of science at the London School of Economics. Considered
the founder of critical rationalism (if an empirical observation
contradicts a general hypothesis, this hypothesis should be excluded
from the system as falsified). P. opposed a positivist point of view
in all scientific disciplines, advocated liberal ideas in politics and
opposed authoritarian systems. 1993 published a "Call to the
Europeans" ("Aufruf an die Europaeer") in response to the war in
former Yugoslavia. Honorary tomb in the Lainzer Friedhof cemetery in
Vienna´s 13th district Hietzing.
Further works: Die Logik der Forschung, 1935; The Poverty of Historicism 1944/45 (German 1965); The Open Society and Its Enemies, 1945 (German 1957/1958); Conjectures and Refutations, 1963 (German 1994); Objective Knowledge, 1972 (German 1973); The Self and Its Brain, 1981/1982 (German 1982); Postscript to the Logic of Scientific Discovery, 3 vols., 1983; Auf der Suche nach einer besseren Welt. Vortraege und Aufsaetze aus 30 Jahren, 1984; A World of Propensities, 1990.
Literature: E. Doerring, K. R. P., 1987; I. Zwirchmayr, Sir K. P. der Vater des Kritischen Rationalismus, 1993; M. Geier, K. P., 1994; A. O´Hear (ed.), K. P., 1995; L. Schaefer, K. P., 31996.