Mountbatten-Windsor

Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem Nachnamen der Nachkommen der britischen Königin Elisabeth II. Zum britischen Königshaus Windsor siehe Windsor.
Britische Königsfamilie
Badge of the House of Windsor.svg

HM The Queen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh


Mountbatten-Windsor ist der persönliche Nachname (Familienname) der Nachkommen der Königin Elisabeth II. von Großbritannien und Nordirland und ihres Gemahls, Prinz Philip Mountbatten. Es ist die englische Namensvariante der ursprünglich deutschen Häuser Battenberg (Mountbatten) – einer morganatischen Nebenlinie des Hauses Hessen – und Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (Windsor).

Der Name des britischen Königshauses lautet seit der Umbenennung im Jahr 1917 Windsor (zuvor Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha). Im Februar 1960 gab Elisabeth II. bekannt, dass Mountbatten-Windsor der Nachname ihrer Nachkommen aus der Ehe mit Prinz Philip sei.[1][2] Dazu ist noch anzumerken, dass Prinz Philip zwar den Nachnamen Mountbatten führt und seine Mutter eine Battenberg war, er jedoch väterlicherseits der griechischen Linie des Hauses Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg entstammt.

Der Name Mountbatten entstand, ebenfalls durch Umbenennung im Kriegsjahr 1917, aus dem deutschen Namen Battenberg. Gleichwohl bleibt Windsor der offizielle Name des Königshauses; der Namenswechsel gilt auch nicht für Nachkommen von solchen Mitgliedern der königlichen Familie, die nicht von der Queen abstammen.

In ihrer Verlautbarung gab Elisabeth II. auch bekannt, dass der Wechsel des Namens zu Mountbatten-Windsor nicht für diejenigen Nachkommen gelte, welche die Titel His bzw. Her Royal Highness oder Prince bzw. Princess tragen. Gleichwohl wird der Name von allen Mitgliedern der königlichen Familie, soweit sie von der Queen abstammen, geführt.[3]

Liste der Namensträger des Nachnamens Mountbatten-Windsor in der Reihenfolge der Thronfolge

Weblinks

  • The Royal Family Name - zum Familiennamen Windsor und Mountbatten-Windsor der Mitglieder des britischen Königshauses

Einzelnachweise

  1. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser Band XV, Band 114 der Gesamtreihe, Limburg (Lahn) 1997, S. 25: "Bei den Nachgeborenen im Mannesstamm der Königin Elizabeth II. tritt, soweit sie nicht den Titel Kgl. Prinz v. Großbritannien u. Nord-Irland führen, an Stelle des Familiennamens "Windsor" der Familienname "Mountbatten-Windsor" (Kgl. Erlaß vom 8. Februar 1960)." (Die Nachgeborenen der regierenden Königin (bzw. des Königs) in der ersten und zweiten Generation führen in der Regel nämlich den Titel "Königlicher Prinz bzw. Königliche Prinzessin von Großbritannien und Nord-Irland".)
  2. Der Spiegel 9/1960: England/Mountbatten, Die Rache der Battenberger (Digitalisat)
  3. The official website of The British Monarchy The Royal Family name, abgerufen am 29. April 2011: „The Royal Family name of Windsor was confirmed by The Queen after her accession in 1952. However, in 1960, The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh decided that they would like their own direct descendants to be distinguished from the rest of the Royal Family (without changing the name of the Royal House), as Windsor is the surname used by all the male and unmarried female descendants of George V. It was therefore declared in the Privy Council that The Queen's descendants, other than those with the style of Royal Highness and the title of Prince/Princess, or female descendants who marry, would carry the name of Mountbatten-Windsor. This reflected Prince Philip's surname. In 1947, when Prince Philip of Greece became naturalised, he assumed the name of Philip Mountbatten as a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy. The effect of the declaration was that all The Queen's children, on occasions when they needed a surname, would have the surname Mountbatten-Windsor. For the most part, members of the Royal Family who are entitled to the style and dignity of HRH Prince or Princess do not need a surname, but if at any time any of them do need a surname (such as upon marriage), that surname is Mountbatten-Windsor. The surname Mountbatten-Windsor first appeared on an official document on 14 November 1973, in the marriage register at Westminster Abbey for the marriage of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips. A proclamation on the Royal Family name by the reigning monarch is not statutory; unlike an Act of Parliament, it does not pass into the law of the land. Such a proclamation is not binding on succeeding reigning sovereigns, nor does it set a precedent which must be followed by reigning sovereigns who come after. Unless The Prince of Wales chooses to alter the present decisions when he becomes king, he will continue to be of the House of Windsor and his grandchildren will use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.“ Huffpost Style am 29. April 2011: Prince William & Kate's Last Name: Mountbatten-Windsor: „Now that Prince William and Kate Middleton are married, some are wondering their last name. Like other descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, William's surname is Mountbatten-Windsor, and it will be Kate's too by marriage. As explained by the official British royal website, the Queen's descendants carry the name Mountbatten, as well as the royal surname Windsor, to reflect her husband Prince Philip's surname. The royal website explains further that the surnames are not always used, only when they are formally needed, such as the case of marriage. While Prince William will be recorded as a Mountbatten-Windsor in the marriage registry today, he may choose a new name at a later point, specifically if and when he becomes king. As explained here, "Since a royal proclamation is not binding on succeeding rulers, King William could decide to add a name or two." Prince William and Kate, who will go by the name of Catherine, also inherited the titles Duke and Duchess of Cambridge upon their marriage today.“ bnd.com am 29. April 2011: History surrounds last names of royalty: „So, on July 17, 1917, King George V declared that both his House and his last name would henceforth be known as "Windsor" after the famous English castle that was originally built in about 1070 and remains the longest-occupied palace in Europe. The change applied to all male descendants of Queen Victoria as well as female descendants who did not marry. But, as you might guess when royalty is involved, the story didn't end as simply as that. When Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in 1952, she confirmed that Windsor was a perfectly fine last name. Eight years later, however, she and her husband -- Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh -- decided they wanted to distinguish their four children (Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward) from the rest of the Windsors. What did they do? Why, they added Prince Philip's last name, of course -- and that's a story in itself. He was born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, but by March 1947, he had renounced his Greek and Danish royal titles and became a naturalized subject of Great Britain. When he rejoined the British Navy after his marriage to Elizabeth, he became Lt. Philip Mountbatten, which was his mother's last name. So, although they rarely need it, the last name of all of Queen Elizabeth's children and grandchildren is officially Mountbatten-Windsor. It appeared on an official document for the first time on Nov. 14, 1973, in the marriage registry at Westminster Abbey for the marriage of Princess Anne to Capt. Mark Phillips. And, that's the way it will stay -- unless, of course, William and Kate decide to distinguish their offspring from the rest of the Mountbatten-Windsor riffraff. Since a royal proclamation is not binding on succeeding rulers, King William could decide to add a name or two to come up with one of those lengthy British concoctions at which Monty Python loved to poke so much fun.“