unbekannter Gast

Algeria: People & Society#

Population38,813,722 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.88% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.4% (male 5,641,148/female 5,378,207)
15-24 years: 17.4% (male 3,451,069/female 3,291,166)
25-54 years: 42.8% (male 8,398,770/female 8,209,634)
55-64 years: 6.2% (male 1,230,865/female 1,186,832)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 931,769/female 1,094,262) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate23.99 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.31 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
note: although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.76 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 23.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber dialects: Kabylie Berber (Tamazight), Chaouia Berber (Tachawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.39 years
male: 75.12 years
female: 77.72 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.6%
male: 81.3%
female: 63.9% (2006 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Algerian(s)
adjective: Algerian
Net migration rate-0.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate2.78 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1%; note - no country specific models provided (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS18,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.3 years
male: 27 years
female: 27.5 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2008)
Urbanizationurban population: 73% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 85.5% of population
rural: 79.5% of population
total: 83.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 14.5% of population
rural: 20.5% of population
total: 16.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 88.4% of population
total: 95.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 11.6% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationALGIERS (capital) 2.916 million; Oran 783,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate97 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.7% (2005)
Health expenditures3.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.21 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate16% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 28.4%
male: 19.1%
female: 38.2% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 304,358
percentage: 5 % (2006 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.4% (2006)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.8 %
potential support ratio: 14.6 (2014 est.)