unbekannter Gast

Benin: People & Society#

Population10,160,556
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.81% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.8% (male 2,269,896/female 2,179,026)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 1,036,963/female 1,001,400)
25-54 years: 29.9% (male 1,530,283/female 1,504,201)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 149,883/female 205,701)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 112,830/female 170,373) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate36.51 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.39 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsFon and related 39.2%, Adja and related 15.2%, Yoruba and related 12.3%, Bariba and related 9.2%, Peulh and related 7%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4%, Dendi and related 2.5%, other 1.6% (includes Europeans), unspecified 2.9% (2002 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 57.09 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 60.26 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 53.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 61.07 years
male: 59.75 years
female: 62.47 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 42.4%
male: 55.2%
female: 30.3% (2010 census)
Nationalitynoun: Beninese (singular and plural)
adjective: Beninese
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsCatholic 27.1%, Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, Protestant 10.4% (Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%), other Christian 5.3%, other 15.5% (2002 census)
Total fertility rate5.04 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS71,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,100 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.7 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 18.1 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 13 years
female: 9 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 44.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.12% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 84.5% of population
rural: 69.1% of population
total: 76.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 15.5% of population
rural: 30.9% of population
total: 23.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 25.3% of population
rural: 5.1% of population
total: 14.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 74.7% of population
rural: 94.9% of population
total: 85.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationCOTONOU (seat of government) 924,000; PORTO-NOVO (capital) 314,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight20.2% (2006)
Health expenditures4.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 0.8%
male: 1.1%
female: 0.6% (2002)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,020,981
percentage: 46 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011-12 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate12.9% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 83 %
youth dependency ratio: 77.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.3 %
potential support ratio: 18.9 (2014 est.)