unbekannter Gast

Botswana: People & Society#

Population2,155,784
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.26% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.9% (male 361,717/female 348,150)
15-24 years: 21.6% (male 231,576/female 234,852)
25-54 years: 37% (male 422,182/female 375,836)
55-64 years: 4.4% (male 42,099/female 52,917)
65 years and over: 4% (male 34,567/female 51,888) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate21.34 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.32 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.38 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.77 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSetswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English (official) 2.1%, other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 54.06 years
male: 55.75 years
female: 52.32 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.1%
male: 84.6%
female: 85.6% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Net migration rate4.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2014 est.)
ReligionsChristian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)
Total fertility rate2.37 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate23% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS337,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,700 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.9 years
male: 22.9 years
female: 22.8 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2006)
Education expenditures9.5% of GDP (2009)
Urbanizationurban population: 61.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.07% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 96.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 3.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 77.9% of population
rural: 41.8% of population
total: 64.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 22.1% of population
rural: 58.2% of population
total: 35.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationGABORONE (capital) 202,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate160 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.2% (2008)
Health expenditures5.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.34 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate11.2% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 13.6%
male: 13.2%
female: 14% (2000)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 45,036
percentage: 9 %
note: data represents children ages 7-17 (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19 (2007 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate52.8%
note: percent of women aged 12-49 (2007/08)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 58.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 52.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 %
potential support ratio: 17.1 (2014 est.)