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Burkina Faso: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: none
conventional short form: Burkina Faso
local long form: none
local short form: Burkina Faso
former: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta
CapitalOuagadougou Ouagadougou
geographic coordinates: 12 22 N, 1 31 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions13 regions; Boucle du Mouhoun, Cascades, Centre, Centre-Est, Centre-Nord, Centre-Ouest, Centre-Sud, Est, Hauts-Bassins, Nord, Plateau-Central, Sahel, Sud-Ouest
Constitutionseveral previous; latest approved by referendum 2 June 1991, adopted 11 June 1991; amended several times, last in 2012 (2012)
Executive branchchief of state: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987)
head of government: Prime Minister Luc-Adolphe TIAO (since 18 April 2011)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 21 November 2010 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly
election results: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president; percent of popular vote - Blaise COMPAORE 80.2%, Hama Arba DIALLO 8.2%, Benewende Stanislas SANKARA 6.3%, other 5.3%
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; red recalls the country's struggle for independence, green is for hope and abundance, and yellow represents the country's mineral wealth
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Independence5 August 1960 (from France)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation (consists of NA judges); Constitutional Council or Conseil Constitutionnel (consists of the council president and 3 judges)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judge appointments mostly controlled by the president of Burkina Faso; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Council judges appointed by the president of Burkina Faso upon the proposal of the minister of justice and the president of the National Assembly; judges appointed for 9-year terms with one-third of judges renewed every 3 years
subordinate courts: Appeals Court; High Court; first instance tribunals; district courts; specialized courts relating to issues of labor, children, and juveniles; village (customary) courts
Legal systemcivil law based on the French model and customary law
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (127 seats; members are elected by proportional representation in one national constituency of 16 seats, and 45 multi-member constituencies having between 2 and 9 seats with members serving five-year terms)
elections: National Assembly election last held on 2 December 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CDP 70, ADF-RDA 19, Union for Progress and Reform 19, UPR 4, UNIR-MS 4, CFD-B 3, PDS/Metba 2, other 6
International organization participationACP, AfDB, AU, CD, ECOWAS, EITI (candidate country), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayRepublic Day, 11 December (1958); note - commemorates the day that Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community
Political pressure groups and leadersBurkinabe General Confederation of Labor or CGTB (Tole SAGNON)
Burkinabe Movement for Human Rights or MBDHP (Chrysigone ZOUGMORE)
Citizen's Resistance Front (Luc Marius IBRIGA)
Group of 14 February (Benewende Stanislas SANKARA)
National Confederation of Burkinabe Workers or CNTB (Laurent OUEDRAOGO)
National Organization of Free Unions or ONSL (Paul KABORE)
other: watchdog/political action groups throughout the country in both organizations and communities
Political parties and leadersAfrican Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or ADF-RDA (Gilbert OUEDRAOGO)
Citizen's Popular Rally or RPC (Antoine QUARE)
Coalition of Democratic Forces of Burkina or CFD-B (Zio Eric FRANCOIS)
Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP (Assimi KOUANDA)
Democratic and Popular Rally or RDP (Nana THIBAUT)
Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP (Nayabtigungou Congo KABORE)
Party for African Independence or PAI (Soumane TOURE)
Party for Democracy and Progress-Socialist Party or PDP-PS (Francois O. KABORE)
Party for Democracy and Socialism/Metba or PDS/Metba (Hama Arba DIALLO)
Party for National Rebirth or PAREN (Barry TAHIROU)
People's Movement for Progress or MPP (Roch March KABORE)
Rally for the Development of Burkina or RDB (Celestin Saidou COMPAORE)
Rally of Ecologists of Burkina Faso or RDEB (Ram OUEDRAGO)
Republican Party for Integration and Solidarity or PARIS
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS (Fidele HIEN)
Union for Progress and Change or UPC (Zephirin DIABRE)
Union for Rebirth - Sankarist Movement or UNIR-MS (Benewende Stanislas SANKARA)
Union for the Republic or UPR (Toussaint Abel COULIBALY)
Union of Sankarist Parties or UPS (Ernest Nongma OUEDRAOGO)
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typeparliamentary republic
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Seydou BOUDA (since 2 September 2011)
chancery: 2340 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 332-5577
FAX: (1) (202) 667-1882
National anthemname: "Le Ditanye" (Anthem of Victory)
lyrics/music: Thomas SANKARA
note: adopted 1974; also known as "Une Seule Nuit" (One Single Night), Burkina Faso's anthem was written by the country's president, an avid guitar player
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
National symbol(s)white stallion
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Tulinabo S. MUSHINGI (since 25 July 2013)
embassy: 602 Avenue Raoul Follereau, Koulouba, Secteur 4
mailing address: 01 B. P. 35, Ouagadougou 01; pouch mail - US Department of State, 2440 Ouagadougou Place, Washington, DC 20521-2440
telephone: (226) 50-49-53-00
FAX: (226) 50-49-56-28