unbekannter Gast

Cameroon: People & Society#

Population23,130,708
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.6% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42.9% (male 5,001,984/female 4,927,122)
15-24 years: 19.6% (male 2,286,244/female 2,257,231)
25-54 years: 30.4% (male 3,529,203/female 3,491,125)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 445,181/female 468,388)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 337,490/female 386,740) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate36.58 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 55.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.78 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 51.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Languages24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 57.35 years
male: 56.09 years
female: 58.65 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.3%
male: 78.3%
female: 64.8% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Cameroonian(s)
adjective: Cameroonian
Net migration rate-0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Religionsindigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Total fertility rate4.82 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate4.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS600,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths34,600 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.3 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2011)
Education expenditures3.2% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 52.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 94.1% of population
rural: 51.9% of population
total: 74.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.9% of population
rural: 48.1% of population
total: 25.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 61.7% of population
rural: 26.8% of population
total: 45.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 38.3% of population
rural: 73.2% of population
total: 54.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDouala 2.449 million; YAOUNDE (capital) 2.432 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate690 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.1% (2011)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate10.3% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,396,281
percentage: 31 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.7
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate23.4% (2011)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 85.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 79.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6 %
potential support ratio: 16.8 (2014 est.)