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Chad: Geography#

LocationCentral Africa, south of Libya
Geographic Coordinates15 00 N, 19 00 E 15.0,19.0
Area total: 1.284 million sq km
land: 1,259,200 sq km
water: 24,800 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 6,406 km
border countries: Cameroon 1,116 km, Central African Republic 1,556 km, Libya 1,050 km, Niger 1,196 km, Nigeria 85 km, Sudan 1,403 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Djourab 160 m
highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Emi Koussi 3415 m; Tousside 3315 m; Tarso Voon 3100 m; Tarso Toh 2000 m
According to Geonames: Emi Koussi 3415 m; Binim 1360 m; Silagni 1236 m; Nikou 1230 m; Diouga 1210 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainbroad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south
Natural Hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues
Natural Resourcepetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Land Usearable land: 3.82%
permanent crops: 0.02%
other: 96.16% (2011)
Climatetropical in south, desert in north
Irrigated Land302.7 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources43 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesinadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
Large CitiesNDjamena; Moundou; Sarh; Abeche; Kelo
[Verified]
Important Cities
Geography-note<i><b>note 1:</b> </i>Chad is largest of Africa's 16 landlocked countries<br /><i><b>note 2:</b> </i>not long ago - geologically speaking - what is today the Sahara was green savanah teeming with wildlife; during the African Humid Period, roughly 11,000 to 5,000 years ago, a vibrant animal community, including elephants, giraffes, hippos, and antelope lived there; the last remnant of the "Green Sahara" exists in the Lakes of Ounianga (oo-nee-ahn-ga) in northern Chad, a series of 18 interconnected freshwater, saline, and hypersaline lakes now protected as a World Heritage site<br /><i><b>note 3:</b> </i>Lake Chad, the most significant water body in the Sahel, is a remnant of a former inland sea, paleolake Mega-Chad; at its greatest extent, sometime before 5000 B.C., Lake Mega-Chad was the largest of four Saharan paleolakes that existed during the African Humid Period; it covered an area of about 400,000 sq km (150,000 sq mi), i.e., roughly the size of today's Caspian Sea
Important Lakes