unbekannter Gast

Democratic Republic of the Congo: People & Society#

Population77,433,744
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.5% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.1% (male 16,810,549/female 16,552,685)
15-24 years: 21.4% (male 8,292,444/female 8,248,326)
25-54 years: 29.4% (male 11,359,385/female 11,405,442)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 1,287,895/female 1,457,499)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 849,840/female 1,169,679) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate35.62 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Infant mortality ratetotal: 73.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 76.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 69.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 56.54 years
male: 55.03 years
female: 58.09 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 66.8%
male: 76.9%
female: 57% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Net migration rate-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%
Total fertility rate4.8 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS481,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths31,700 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.9 years
male: 17.7 years
female: 18.1 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 8 years (2012)
Education expenditures2.5% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 79.1% of population
rural: 29% of population
total: 46.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 20.9% of population
rural: 71% of population
total: 53.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 29.1% of population
rural: 32.6% of population
total: 31.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 70.9% of population
rural: 67.4% of population
total: 68.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationKINSHASA (capital) 8.798 million; Lubumbashi 1.556 million; Mbuji-Mayi 1.504 million; Kananga 888,000; Kisangani 820,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate540 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight28.2% (2007)
Health expenditures8.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density0.8 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.7% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 8,284,395
percentage: 42 % (2010 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.2
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2007 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate17.7% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 91.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 85.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2014 est.)