unbekannter Gast

Republic of the Congo: People & Society#

Population4,662,446
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.94% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.1% (male 966,852/female 950,411)
15-24 years: 17.7% (male 411,263/female 413,594)
25-54 years: 34.2% (male 808,181/female 787,554)
55-64 years: 4% (male 90,795/female 94,837)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 60,400/female 78,559) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate36.59 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.17 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 59.34 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 64.49 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 54.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 58.52 years
male: 57.38 years
female: 59.7 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 83.8%
male: 89.6%
female: 78.4% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Net migration rate-7.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate4.73 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate2.8% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS74,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,200 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.8 years
male: 19.7 years
female: 20 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
animal contact disease: rabies
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Education expenditures6.2% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 63.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.84% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 95.7% of population
rural: 38.8% of population
total: 75.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.3% of population
rural: 61.2% of population
total: 24.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 19.6% of population
rural: 5.6% of population
total: 14.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 80.4% of population
rural: 94.4% of population
total: 85.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBRAZZAVILLE (capital) 1.611 million; Pointe-Noire 834,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate560 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.8% (2005)
Health expenditures2.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density1.6 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.7% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 252,171
percentage: 25 % (2005 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011-12 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate44.7% (2011/12)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 85 %
youth dependency ratio: 78.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.3 %
potential support ratio: 16 (2014 est.)