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Djibouti: People & Society#

Population810,179 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.23% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.9% (male 133,786/female 133,163)
15-24 years: 22% (male 83,871/female 94,316)
25-54 years: 36.9% (male 124,198/female 174,557)
55-64 years: 4.6% (male 17,694/female 19,931)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 12,875/female 15,788) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.71 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate24.08 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.84 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsSomali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 50.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 57.46 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 42.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 62.4 years
male: 59.93 years
female: 64.94 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 78%
female: 58.4% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Djiboutian(s)
adjective: Djiboutian
Net migration rate6.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 94%, Christian 6%
Total fertility rate2.47 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.2% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS7,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths800 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.8 years
male: 21.1 years
female: 24.1 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 6 years
male: 7 years
female: 6 years (2011)
Education expenditures8.4% of GDP (2007)
Urbanizationurban population: 77.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.96% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 65.5% of population
total: 92.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 34.5% of population
total: 7.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 73.1% of population
rural: 21.6% of population
total: 61.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.9% of population
rural: 78.4% of population
total: 38.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDJIBOUTI (capital) 496,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight29.8% (2012)
Health expenditures7.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.4% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 13,176
percentage: 8 % (2006 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate17.8% (2006)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 60.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 54 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.5 %
potential support ratio: 15.3 (2014 est.)