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Egypt: Geography#

LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
Geographic Coordinates27 00 N, 30 00 E 27.0,30.0
Area total: 1,001,450 sq km
land: 995,450 sq km
water: 6,000 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 1001450
DBpedia: 1002450
Geoname: 1001450
Infoplease: 1001450
Britannica: 996603
Wolfram: 1001000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 2,612 km
border countries: Gaza Strip 13 km, Israel 208 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,276 km
Coastline2,450 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m
highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Sinai 2640 m
According to Geonames: Mount Catherine 2642 m; Jabal Zubayr 2634 m; Jabal Abu Rumayl 2624 m; Jabal Umm Shumar 2578 m; Jabal al Khala 2543 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainvast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
Natural Hazardsperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes; flash floods; landslides; hot, driving windstorms called khamsin occur in spring; dust storms; sandstorms
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc
Land Usearable land: 2.87%
permanent crops: 0.79%
other: 96.34% (2011)
Climatedesert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Irrigated Land34,220 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources57.3 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesagricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Cairo; Alexandria; Giza; Shubra-El-Khema; Port Said
According to Geonames: Cairo; Alexandria; Giza; Port Said; Suez

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notecontrols Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees from Sudan and the Palestinian territories