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Eritrea: Geography#

LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan
Geographic Coordinates15 00 N, 39 00 E 15.0,39.0
Area total: 117,600 sq km
land: 101,000 sq km
water: 16,600 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 117600
DBpedia: 117598
Geoname: 121320
Infoplease: 121320
Britannica: 121144
Wolfram: 117600

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 1,840 km
border countries: Djibouti 125 km, Ethiopia 1,033 km, Sudan 682 km
Coastline2,234 km (mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083 km)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m
highest point: Soira 3,018 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Emba Soira 3018 m
According to Geonames: Dega 3047 m; Amba Mossino 3038 m; Soyra 3013 m; Amba Debra 2833 m; Adi-Hans 2820 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terraindominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains
Natural Hazardsfrequent droughts, rare earthquakes and volcanoes; locust swarms volcanism: Dubbi (elev. 1,625 m), which last erupted in 1861, was the country's only historically active volcano until Nabro (2,218 m) came to life on 12 June 2011
Natural Resourcegold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish
Land Usearable land: 5.87%
permanent crops: 0.02%
other: 94.12% (2011)
Climatehot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
Irrigated Land215.9 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources6.3 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Asmara; Asseb; Keren; Mitsiwa; Addi Ugri
According to Geonames: Asmara; Keren; Massawa; Assab; Mendefera

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993