unbekannter Gast

Eritrea: People & Society#

Population6,380,803 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.3% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.8% (male 1,307,550/female 1,293,867)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 644,878/female 646,518)
25-54 years: 31.5% (male 996,856/female 1,014,798)
55-64 years: 3.8% (male 101,549/female 138,016)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 102,525/female 134,246) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate30.69 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.65 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsnine recognized ethnic groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera) 5% (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.44 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 43.61 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesTigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.51 years
male: 61.36 years
female: 65.72 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68.9%
male: 79.5%
female: 59% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Eritrean(s)
adjective: Eritrean
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Total fertility rate4.14 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS17,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,200 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.1 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 19.5 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 4 years
male: 5 years
female: 4 years (2010)
Education expenditures2.1% of GDP (2006)
Urbanizationurban population: 21.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 5.01% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 73.7% of population
rural: 56.7% of population
total: 60.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.3% of population
rural: 43.3% of population
total: 39.8% of population (2008 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 51.6% of population
rural: 3.5% of population
total: 13.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 48.4% of population
rural: 96.5% of population
total: 86.8% of population (2008 est.)
Major urban areas - populationASMARA (capital) 712,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight34.5% (2002)
Health expenditures2.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.5% (2008)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2002 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate8% (2002)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 83.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 79.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.2 %
potential support ratio: 23.7 (2014 est.)