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Gabon: Geography#

LocationCentral Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea
Geographic Coordinates1 00 S, 11 45 E -1.0,11.75
Area total: 267,667 sq km
land: 257,667 sq km
water: 10,000 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 3,261 km
border countries: Cameroon 349 km, Republic of the Congo 2,567 km, Equatorial Guinea 345 km
Coastline885 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainnarrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 1.21%
permanent crops: 0.64%
other: 98.15% (2011)
Climatetropical; always hot, humid
Irrigated Land44.5 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources164 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; poaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesLibreville; Port-Gentil; Masuku; Oyem; Moanda
Libreville; Port-Gentil; Franceville; Oyem; Moanda
[List Verified]
Explanation: Franceville grew from village name Masuku
Important Cities
Geography-notea small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries; in general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity