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Gabon: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Gabonese Republic
conventional short form: Gabon
local long form: Republique Gabonaise
local short form: Gabon
CapitalLibreville Libreville
geographic coordinates: 0 23 N, 9 27 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem
Constitutionprevious 1961; latest drafted May 1990, adopted 15 March 1991, promulgated 26 March 1991; amended several times, last in 2011 (2013)
Executive branchchief of state: President Ali BONGO ONDIMBA (since 16 October 2009)
head of government: Prime Minister Daniel ONA ONDO (since 27 January 2014)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (no term limits); election last held on 30 August 2009 (next to be held in 2016); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: President Ali BONGO ONDIMBA elected; percent of vote - Ali BONGO ONDIMBA 41.7%, Andre MBA OBAME 25.9%, Pierre MAMBOUNDOU 25.2%, Zacharie MYBOTO 3.9%, other 3.3%
note: President BONGO died on 8 June 2009 after serving as president for 32 years; in accordance with the constitution he was replaced on an interim basis by the president of the Senate, Rose Francine ROGOMBE on 10 June 2009; new elections were held on 30 August 2009 and the son of the former president, Ali BONGO Ondimba, was elected president
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue; green represents the country's forests and natural resources, gold represents the equator (which transects Gabon) as well as the sun, blue represents the sea
Independence17 August 1960 (from France)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court (organized into Judicial, Administrative, and Accounts chambers and consists of NA judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointment and tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges appointed - 3 by the national president, 3 by the president of the Senate, and 3 by the president of the National Assembly; judges serve 7-year, single renewable terms
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; Court of State Security; county courts; military courts
Legal systemmixed legal system of French civil law and customary law
Legislative branchbicameral legislature consists of the Senate (102 seats; members elected by members of municipal councils and departmental assemblies to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (120 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held on 18 January 2009 (next to be held in January 2015); National Assembly - last held on 17 December 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDG 75, RPG 6, UGDD 3, CLR 2, PGCI 2, PSD 2, UPG 2, ADERE 1, independents 9; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDG 114, RPG 3, others 3
International organization participationACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayIndependence Day, 17 August (1960)
Political pressure groups and leadersNA
Political parties and leadersAlliance for National Rebirth or ARENA (Richard MOULOMBA)
Circle of Liberal Reformers or CLR (General Jean Boniface ASSELE)
Congress for Democracy and Justice or CDJ (Jules Aristide Bourdes OGOULIGUENDE)
Democratic and Republican Alliance or ADERE (Divungui-di-Ndinge DIDJOB)
Gabonese Democratic Party or PDG (Ali BONGO ONDIMBA)
Gabonese Party for Progress or PGP (Benoit Mouity NZAMBA)
Gabonese Union for Democracy and Development or UGDD (Zacharie MYBOTO)
Independent Center Party of Gabon or PGCI (Luccheri GAHILA)
National Rally of Woodcutters-Democratic or RNB-D (Pierre Andre KOMBILA)
National Rally of Woodcutters-Rally for Gabon or RNB-RPG (Bucherons) (Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE)
Party of Development and Social Solidarity or PDS (Seraphin Ndoat REMBOGO)
Social Democratic Party or PSD (Pierre Claver MAGANGA-MOUSSAVOU)
Union for Democracy and Social Integration or UDIS
Union for the New Republic or UPRN (Louis Gaston MAYILA)
Union of Gabonese People or UPG (Mathieu Mboumba NZIENGUI (until the next Congress))
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typerepublic; multiparty presidential regime
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Michael MOUSSA-ADAMO (since 2 September 2011)
chancery: Suite 200, 2034 20th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone: (1) (202) 797-1000
FAX: (1) (202) 332-0668
consulate(s): New York
National anthemname: "La Concorde" (The Concorde)
lyrics/music: Georges Aleka DAMAS
note: adopted 1960
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
National symbol(s)black panther
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Dante PARADISO; note - also accredited to Sao Tome and Principe
embassy: Boulevard du Bord de Mer, Libreville
mailing address: Centre Ville, B. P. 4000, Libreville; pouch: 2270 Libreville Place, Washington, DC 20521-2270
telephone: (241) 01-45-71-00, after hours - 07380171
FAX: (241) 74 55 07