unbekannter Gast

Gabon: People & Society#

Population1,672,597
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.94% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42.1% (male 353,863/female 350,456)
15-24 years: 20.3% (male 169,681/female 169,082)
25-54 years: 29.7% (male 248,328/female 248,063)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 33,608/female 35,838)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 27,117/female 36,561) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate34.64 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.13 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsBantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
Infant mortality ratetotal: 47.03 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.27 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 52.06 years
male: 51.54 years
female: 52.6 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 92.3%
female: 85.6% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Gabonese (singular and plural)
adjective: Gabonese
Net migration rate-2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsChristian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%
Total fertility rate4.49 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS40,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,300 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.6 years
male: 18.4 years
female: 18.8 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 86.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.27% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 63% of population
total: 92.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 37% of population
total: 7.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 42.9% of population
rural: 32% of population
total: 41.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 57.1% of population
rural: 68% of population
total: 58.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLIBREVILLE (capital) 686,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate230 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.5% (2012)
Health expenditures3.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.29 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density6.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate13.9% (2008)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate31.1% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 77 %
youth dependency ratio: 68 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9 %
potential support ratio: 11.1 (2014 est.)