unbekannter Gast

The Gambia: People & Society#

Population1,925,527 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.23% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 38.7% (male 374,353/female 371,488)
15-24 years: 21% (male 199,306/female 204,324)
25-54 years: 33% (male 310,901/female 324,227)
55-64 years: 4% (male 37,506/female 39,958)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 29,793/female 33,671) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate31.75 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.26 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1% (2003 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 65.74 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 71.21 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 60.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.36 years
male: 62.04 years
female: 66.74 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51.1%
male: 60.9%
female: 41.9% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Gambian(s)
adjective: Gambian
Net migration rate-2.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%
Total fertility rate3.85 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.3% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS14,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths500 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.2 years
male: 19.9 years
female: 20.5 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years (2008)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 57.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.63% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 94.2% of population
rural: 84.4% of population
total: 90.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.8% of population
rural: 15.6% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 64% of population
rural: 55% of population
total: 60.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 36% of population
rural: 45% of population
total: 39.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBANJUL (capital) 506,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate360 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.8% (2006)
Health expenditures4.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7.9% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 103,389
percentage: 25 % (2006 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate13.3% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 93 %
youth dependency ratio: 88.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.5 %
potential support ratio: 22 (2014 est.)