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Lesotho: Geography#

LocationSouthern Africa, an enclave of South Africa
Geographic Coordinates29 30 S, 28 30 E -29.5,28.5
Area total: 30,355 sq km
land: 30,355 sq km
water: 0 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 909 km
border countries: South Africa 909 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m
highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m
Highest MountainsAccording to Wolfram: Thabana Ntlenyana 3482 m
According to Geonames:Thabana Ntlenyana 3482 m; Ntelle 2584 m
List verified partially
Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainmostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains
Natural Hazardsperiodic droughts
Natural Resourcewater, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone
Land Usearable land: 10.14%
permanent crops: 0.13%
other: 89.72% (2011)
Climatetemperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Irrigated Land26.37 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources3.02 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuespopulation pressure forcing settlement in marginal areas results in overgrazing, severe soil erosion, and soil exhaustion; desertification; Highlands Water Project controls, stores, and redirects water to South Africa
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Maseru; Mafeteng; Hlotse; Mohales Hoek; Maputsoa
According to Geonames: Maseru; Mafeteng; Leribe; Maputsoe; Mohale’s Hoek

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked, completely surrounded by South Africa; mountainous, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level