unbekannter Gast

Lesotho: People & Society#

Population1,942,008
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.34% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.9% (male 321,017/female 318,265)
15-24 years: 19.9% (male 184,006/female 203,336)
25-54 years: 36.8% (male 349,365/female 364,970)
55-64 years: 4.9% (male 51,274/female 44,847)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 52,955/female 51,973) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate25.92 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate14.91 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
Infant mortality ratetotal: 50.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSesotho (official) (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 52.65 years
male: 52.55 years
female: 52.75 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.6%
male: 83.3%
female: 95.6% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mosotho (singular), Basotho (plural)
adjective: Basotho
Net migration rate-7.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsChristian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%
Total fertility rate2.78 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate23.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS358,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths15,500 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 23.6 years
male: 23.6 years
female: 23.6 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2012)
Education expenditures13% of GDP (2008)
Urbanizationurban population: 27.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 93.2% of population
rural: 76.7% of population
total: 81.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.8% of population
rural: 23.3% of population
total: 18.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 37% of population
rural: 26.7% of population
total: 29.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 63% of population
rural: 73.3% of population
total: 70.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMASERU (capital) 239,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate620 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13.5% (2010)
Health expenditures12.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2003)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.6% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 34.4%
male: 29%
female: 41.9% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 103,020
percentage: 23 % (2000 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.2
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate47% (2009/10)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 67.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 60.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7 %
potential support ratio: 14.3 (2014 est.)