unbekannter Gast

Libya: People & Society#

Population6,244,174
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate3.08% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.9% (male 859,016/female 820,643)
15-24 years: 18.2% (male 586,749/female 546,602)
25-54 years: 46.1% (male 1,509,108/female 1,370,709)
55-64 years: 4.8% (male 154,847/female 145,330)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 126,691/female 124,479) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.04 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.4 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate3.57 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsBerber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 11.87 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.04 years
male: 74.36 years
female: 77.82 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.5%
male: 95.8%
female: 83.3% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Libyan(s)
adjective: Libyan
Net migration rate16.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <.1, Jewish <.1, folk religion <.1, unafilliated 0.2%, other <.1
note: non-Sunni Muslims include native Ibadhi Muslims (<1% of the population) and foreign Muslims (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate2.07 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS10,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 27.5 years
male: 27.7 years
female: 27.4 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2003)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 77.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 54.2% of population
rural: 54.9% of population
total: 54.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 45.8% of population
rural: 45.1% of population
total: 45.6% of population (2001 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 95.7% of population
total: 96.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 4.3% of population
total: 3.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTRIPOLI (capital) 1.127 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate58 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.6% (2007)
Health expenditures4.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.9 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.8% (2008)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 44.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4 %
potential support ratio: 13.5 (2014 est.)