unbekannter Gast

Madagascar: People & Society#

Population23,201,926 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.62% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.7% (male 4,765,523/female 4,685,298)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 2,394,146/female 2,384,564)
25-54 years: 31.3% (male 3,635,506/female 3,629,204)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 466,263/female 503,375)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 334,533/female 403,514) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate33.12 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Infant mortality ratetotal: 44.88 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.86 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Malagasy (official), English
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 65.2 years
male: 63.77 years
female: 66.67 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.5%
male: 67.4%
female: 61.6% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Malagasy (singular and plural)
adjective: Malagasy
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Religionsindigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%
Total fertility rate4.28 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS58,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths6,200 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.2 years
male: 19 years
female: 19.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2012)
Education expenditures2.7% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 32.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.73% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 78.2% of population
rural: 35.4% of population
total: 49.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 21.8% of population
rural: 64.6% of population
total: 50.4% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 19.2% of population
rural: 11.3% of population
total: 13.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 80.8% of population
rural: 88.7% of population
total: 86.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationANTANANARIVO (capital) 1.987 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight36.8% (2004)
Health expenditures4.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density0.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.6% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 2.3%
male: 1.7%
female: 2.8% (2005)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,827,423
percentage: 28 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2007 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008-09 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate39.9% (2008/09)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 81.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 76.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 %
potential support ratio: 19.6 (2014 est.)