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Malawi: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Malawi
conventional short form: Malawi
local long form: Dziko la Malawi
local short form: Malawi
former: British Central African Protectorate, Nyasaland Protectorate, Nyasaland
CapitalLilongwe Lilongwe
geographic coordinates: 13 58 S, 33 47 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions28 districts; Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Neno, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba
Constitutionprevious 1953 (preindependence), 1966; latest drafted January to May 1994, approved 16 May 1994, entered into force 18 May 1995; amended several times, last in 2013 (2013)
Executive branchchief of state: President Arthur Peter MUTHARIKA (since 31 May 2014); Vice President Saulos CHILIMA (since 31 May 2014); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Arthur Peter MUTHARIKA (since 31 May 2014); Vice President Saulos CHILIMA (since 31 May 2014)
cabinet: 26-32-member Cabinet named by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 May 2014 (next to be held in May 2019)
election results: Peter MUTHARIKA elected president; percent of vote - Peter MUTHARIKA 36.4%, Lazarus CHAKWERA 27.8%, Joyce BANDA 20.2%, Atupele MULUZI 13.7%, other 1.9%
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered on the black band; black represents the native peoples, red the blood shed in their struggle for freedom, and green the color of nature; the rising sun represents the hope of freedom for the continent of Africa
Independence6 July 1964 (from the UK)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court of Appeal (consists of the chief justice and at least 3 judges)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly; other judges appointed by the president upon recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission, which regulates judicial officers; judges serve until age 65
subordinate courts: High Court; magistrate courts; Industrial Relations Court; district and city traditional or local courts
Legal systemmixed legal system of English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly (193 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 19 May 2009 (next to be held 20 May 2014)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - DPP 114, MCP 26, UDF 17, independents 32, other 4
International organization participationACP, AfDB, AU, C, CD, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayIndependence Day (Republic Day), 6 July (1964)
Political pressure groups and leadersCouncil for NGOs in Malawi or CONGOMA (human rights, democracy, and development)
Human Rights Consultative Committee or HRCC (human rights)
Malawi Economic Justice Network or MEJN (pro economic growth, development, government accountability)
Malawi Law Society (an umbrella organization of all lawyers in Malawi)
Public Affairs Committee or PAC (promotes democracy, development, peace and unity)
Political parties and leadersAlliance for Democracy or AFORD (Godfrey SHAWA)
Chipani Cha Fuko or CCP (Davis KATSONGA PHIRI)
Christian Liberation Party or CONU (Sylvester CHABUKA)
Democratic Progressive Party or DPP (Peter MUTHARIKA)
Malawi Congress Party or MCP (Lazarus CHAKWERA)
Malawi Democratic Party or MDP (Kampelo KALUA)
Malawi Forum for Unity and Development or MAFUNDE (George MNESA)
National Rainbow Coalition or NARC (Loveness GONDWE)
National Salvation Front or NASAF (James NYONDO)
Nthanda Congress Party or NCP (Dr. Chakhumbila KHAILA)
New Labour Party or NLP (Friday JUMBE)
New Republican Party (Gwanda CHAKUWAMBA)
People's Party or PP (Joyce BANDA)
People's Progressive Movement or PPM (Mark Katsonga PHIRI)
People's Transformation Movement or PETRA (Kamuzu CHIBAMBO)
Umodzi Party or UP (John CHISI)
United Democratic Front or UDF (Atupele MULUZI)
United Independent Party or UIP (Helen SINGH)
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typemultiparty democracy
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Stephen Dick Tennyson MATENSE (since 10 September 2010)
chancery: 2408 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 721-0270
FAX: (1) (202) 721-0288
National anthemname: "Mulungu dalitsa Malawi" (Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi)
lyrics/music: Michael-Fredrick Paul SAUKA
note: adopted 1964
International law organization participationaccepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Jeanine E. JACKSON (since 11 September 2011)
embassy: 16 Jomo Kenyatta Road, Lilongwe 3
mailing address: P. O. Box 30016, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
telephone: (265) (1) 773-166
FAX: (265) (1) 770-471