unbekannter Gast

Malawi: People & Society#

Population17,377,468
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate3.33% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 46.9% (male 4,056,810/female 4,100,841)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 1,748,919/female 1,765,212)
25-54 years: 27.1% (male 2,329,952/female 2,371,274)
55-64 years: 3.1% (male 256,034/female 280,997)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 206,923/female 260,506) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate41.8 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.74 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsChewa 32.6%, Lomwe 17.6%, Yao 13.5%, Ngoni 11.5%, Tumbuka 8.8%, Nyanja 5.8%, Sena 3.6%, Tonga 2.1%, Ngonde 1%, other 3.5%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 48.01 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.94 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Chichewa (common), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chilomwe, Chinkhonde, Chingoni, Chisena, Chitonga, Chinyakyusa, Chilambya
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 59.99 years
male: 58.04 years
female: 61.97 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 74.8%
male: 81.1%
female: 68.5% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Malawian(s)
adjective: Malawian
Net migration rate0.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsChristian 82.6%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5% (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate5.66 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate10.8% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,129,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths45,600 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 16.3 years
male: 16.2 years
female: 16.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 15.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 94.6% of population
rural: 83.2% of population
total: 85% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.4% of population
rural: 16.8% of population
total: 15% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 22.3% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 10.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 77.7% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 89.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLILONGWE (capital) 772,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13.8% (2010)
Health expenditures8.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.3% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 993,318
percentage: 26 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate46.1% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 93.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 87 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.3 %
potential support ratio: 16 (2014 est.)