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Mauritania: Geography#

LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Geographic Coordinates20 00 N, 12 00 W 20.0,-12.0
Area total: 1,030,700 sq km
land: 1,030,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 5,074 km
border countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km
Coastline754 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha -5 m
highest point: Kediet Ijill 915 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills
Natural Hazardshot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts
Natural Resourceiron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
Land Usearable land: 0.44%
permanent crops: 0.01%
other: 99.55% (2011)
Climatedesert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Irrigated Land450.1 sq km (2004)
Renewable Water Resources11.4 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesovergrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Nouakchott; Nouadhibou; Kifah; Rusu; Kayhaydi
According to Geonames: Nouakchott; Nouâdhibou; Néma; Kaédi; Rosso

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notemost of the population is concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country