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Mauritius: People & Society#

Population1,331,155 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.66% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 21% (male 143,064/female 137,021)
15-24 years: 15.5% (male 104,257/female 102,233)
25-54 years: 44.1% (male 293,607/female 294,029)
55-64 years: 10.9% (male 68,749/female 76,407)
65 years and over: 8% (male 45,145/female 66,643) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate13.46 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.85 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.59 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesCreole 86.5%, Bhojpuri 5.3%, French 4.1%, two languages 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes English, the official language, which is spoken by less than 1% of the population), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.17 years
male: 71.71 years
female: 78.81 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.8%
male: 91.1%
female: 86.7% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsHindu 48.5%, Roman Catholic 26.3%, Muslim 17.3%, other Christian 6.4%, other 0.6%, none 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.77 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.2% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS10,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths700 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 33.9 years
male: 33.1 years
female: 34.8 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)
Education expenditures3.5% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 41.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.7% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.3% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 91.7% of population
rural: 90.1% of population
total: 90.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.3% of population
rural: 9.9% of population
total: 9.2% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPORT LOUIS (capital) 151,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate60 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.06 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.5% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 23.7%
male: 20.4%
female: 28.4% (2012)
Contraceptive prevalence rate75.8% (2002)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 39.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 27.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.8 %
potential support ratio: 7.8 (2014 est.)